Comparative Effectiveness of Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an important public health issue due to associated morbidity and mortality rates, attendant comorbidities (e.g., hypertension and diabetes), and adverse effects on quality of life. Attended in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG) is the current diagnostic standard for OSA. Portable sleep monitors (types II, III, and IV) can also record neurophysiologic and cardiorespiratory signals predictive of OSA, and various patient questionnaires are available for initial patient screening. The most common form of treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Other interventions include oral devices, surgical treatments, weight loss programs, positional therapy and complementary and alternative medicine. Patient compliance presents significant barriers to successful treatment.
Identify available tests for diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea.
Order and/or perform those diagnostic tests associated with the strongest evidence of effectiveness in suspected cases of obstructive sleep apnea.
Describe what is known about the relationship between apnea-hypopnea index and long-term clinical and functional outcomes.
Incorporate those treatment methods associated with the strongest evidence of effectiveness in managing obstructive sleep apnea.
Describe the strengths, limitations and knowledge gaps of the current evidence about benefits and harms for each therapeutic intervention.
1.0 Free CEUs for Sleep Techs